The Dangers of Gynecomastia Surgery and Smoking
“Why Smoking Endangers the Gynecomastia Patient”
Preparing for gynecomastia surgery depends on the cooperation of the patient. Miguel Delgado, M.D. is very thorough in giving his patients instructions and what to expect from their surgery. Planning for cosmetic plastic surgery is a very exciting time, but it is easy to forget verbal instructions. Therefore, Dr. Delgado gives all of his patients a detailed pre and post-operative booklet. Patients that adhere to the instructions are the ones that will get the optimal results.
Smoking has proved to be a great detriment for surgery patients. In fact, the complications are so serious that many studies have been done to determine the effect of cigarette smoke during and after surgery. One such study done by the American Society of Anesthesiologists revealed smokers were at 50% greater risk for developing pneumonia than non-smokers, and the percentages increase for other complications, such as; 57% greater risk for cardiac arrest, 73% for stroke and a whopping 80% higher risk for a heart attack.
Additionally, the European Society of Anesthesiology reported that smokers require 33% more anesthesia and 23% more pain medication than a nonsmoker. Patients exposed to second-hand smoke will need 20% more anesthesia and 18% more pain medication.
Smoking and Gynecomastia Surgery is a bad combination.
Smokers must abstain from smoking for two weeks before and two weeks after surgery. Of course quitting permanently would be ideal; however nicotine addiction is extremely difficult to kick. Miguel Delgado, M.D. has helped many patients who smoke reach their surgery goals by prescribing medications such as Chantix.
Understanding why smoking can cause such havoc for the cosmetic surgery patient may help the smoker abstain for the required time. There are more than 250 toxins in cigarette smoke in addition to nicotine! Among these toxins are; hydrogen cyanide, carbon monoxide, and nitric oxide, all of which will interfere with wound healing. Oxygen is transported to the tissues by the blood vessels; the oxygenated blood is needed to fight infection by delivering medication and antibiotics.
When smoke is ingested, the blood vessels constrict and blood clots may form. If there is a reduction in the blood going to the tissues, cell death may results causing what is known as necrosis, and inflammation of the surrounding tissues. When necrosis occurs, debridement may be necessary. Debridement is surgical removal of the dead cells, and the ultimate result may be disappointing.